Skip to Main Content

Copyright: Home


Copyright is a federal law (Title 17 of the United State Code) that provides the copyright holder with exclusive rights to control use of his/her original works of authorship fixed in a tangible medium of expression for a limited period of time. The copyright holder also has the ability to benefit, monetarily and otherwise, from the use of his/her works. The copyright holder’s exclusive rights include the right to reproduce the work, distribute the work, create derivative works, publicly perform the work, and publicly display the work.

Copyright protects both published and unpublished works. Literary, musical, dramatic, choreographic, pictorial, graphic, sculptural, architectural, and cartographic works are copyright protected along with motion pictures and other audiovisual works, sound recordings, and pantomimes. Thus, books, journals, magazines, newspapers, reports, maps, charts, photographs, graphic materials, computer programs, computer software, standards, video files, sound recordings, motion pictures, sculptures, and other artistic works are covered. Copyright does not protect unfixed works, short phrases, ideas, procedures, methods, system processes, titles, names, data, facts, or works in the public domain.

Under U.S. law, works created on or after January 1, 1978, have different time periods of protection. Works authored by an individual author are protected for the length of the author’s life plus 70 years after the author’s death. Works authored as a work-for-hire (created by a company or other organization) are protected for 95 years from the year of its first publication or a term of 120 years from the year of its creation, whichever expires first.

Some Copyright Best Practices

· Presume all works are covered by copyright unless you own the copyright, or it is in the public domain. 

· Ensure that you have the needed copyright permissions prior to copying (photocopying, downloading, uploading, etc.), distributing (reposting, e-mailing, texting, sharing, etc.), our suing artificial intelligence tools on the copyrighted work. Since copyright permissions are granted on a per-use basis, you will need to obtain them each time you use the work (new term, new class, etc.).  

· Copyright permissions may be obtained:

· from the copyright holder (instructor being the copyright holder, permission letter from the copyright holder, permission from the Copyright Clearance Center, Logan Library license agreement, etc.)

· by linking to the copyrighted work (not copying the copyrighted work)

· by the work being in the public domain or a Creative Commons, Open Access, or open educational resource (OER) work

· by the work being covered under Fair Use

· by the work using a statuary exception, like the TEACH Act

   · Allow sufficient time to request and process copyright permission requests. 

· Keep a record of all copyright permissions that you have obtained and all fair use decisions that you have made.

· Leverage the Logan Library’s licensed collections (databases, e-books, e-journals, etc.). You can share links to these works in Moodle.

· Place materials on course reserve at the Logan Library's circulation desk.

· Link to digital, copyrighted content (e-journal, e-book, web image, website, etc.) and fully cite the source rather than copy or distribute the copyrighted content. Stream video and audio files rather than allow them to be downloaded.

· Never post copyrighted materials in a public online space (web, social media, etc.), unless you have obtained copyright permission to do so.

· Do not further redistribute journal articles, conference papers, book chapters, etc. received via interlibrary loan. These documents are only for use by the original requestor.  

· Never post copyrighted materials in a public online space (web, social media, etc.), unless you have obtained copyright permission to do so.

· If you created a work and you wish to have someone else publish it, ensure that you fully understand and agree with the publisher's agreement terms prior to accepting (signing, clicking) it. If you wish to have better terms, include them in your agreement prior to signing the agreement. Be aware that some publishers will only publish your work if they become the copyright owner of your work.

· If you have copyright questions, contact the Library Director. The Library Director does not give legal advice.


Subject Guide

Profile Photo
Bernadette Ewen
Logan Library L112


Logan Library Copyright Faculty Guide

Copyright on Campus